If you have the headroom, you can gain at least one extra room by finishing…. Don't stuff full-width batts into spaces that are too narrow. Step 1 - Assess the Situation There are three ways to insulate basement walls: From the outside, from the middle of the foundation, and from the inside of … Inside Exterior Walls When installing batting on an inside exterior wall, it’s important not to compress it in past the end of the studs. Why is "not-so-perfect" Good enough for a roof? Unlike monolithic slabs, stem wall slabs can be insulated from either the inside or the outside. Only that a little water is tolerable due to the fact that the assembly can handle it. Pick your poison friend because if you do it correctly you have solved all of your problems and fears on the outside of the wall assembly. I am presuming that the existing conditions will allow it to dry to the inside. If it's good enough for them, it's good enough for me. This is easy to confirm, simply buy a Weather Station with two or three transmitters, attach it to your computer and see how the air With the help of the correct gear, it is easy to insulate the concrete exterior wall without requiring any help from an insulation specialist. How does it "exit" at the bottom of the wall. With boric acid added for fire resistance, shredded, recycled telephone books, tax forms, and newspapers all contribute to making safe cellulose insulation, blown-in cellulose is injected into the wall cavities by a series of holes drilled into either the inside or outside of the walls. Would it not apply to the rain water management details, or the framing details, or the materials takeoff- of course it does. Interior Wall Insulation in an Old House. I know I am generalizing a little bit, truth is most guys just stop at, its to expensive. Really, what doesn't it apply too. Don't get tricky just keep it simple. Loose-Fill Insulation . Mike Holmes replied, “You have three options. An Apple of a wall and an Orange/Turd of a roof ? I'm just wondering why the existing wall assembly can't be left intact. He was showing some slides of his personnal home where he had done this very thing. Thanks. I realize how hard it is to find people with real world experience to help sort out both the benefits as well as the drawbacks to many of these off the beaten path methods. Protect your skin, eyes and lungs when you're working with fiberglass. Condensation and elevated moisture levels cause rot, mold and mildew. He plans to tear off both siding and sheathing and remove the batt insulation, then apply 3 in. Definition of Rainscreen from BSC Glossary: Water vapor is a very fine gas, its molecules are far smaller than those of air. The word “insulation” typically brings to mind lofty batts of spun fiberglass, rigid foam panels and blown-in cellulose. Some builders choose to put rigid foam on the exterior side of the housewrap; that's what is shown in the illustration. Step 1 - … Don't leave gaps around wires, pipes or ducts unplugged. If Im wrong, ehhh wont be the first time, you will straighten me out. "When I look at an illustration like the one above, I try to imagine what happens to the water that gets past the siding. With the advent of insulation and modern materials came the problem of interstitial condensation. Best for interior and exterior walls in cold or humid climates, especially for homes with masonry or wood walls. My hope is that a builder like myself could glean from this important discussion, some elements of this method that might benefit his client and his method. When you are insulating two-by-four (2x4) and two-by-six (2x6) framed exterior walls and want to use fiberglass insulation, what thickness is best?The question becomes all more critical because of the permanent nature of wall assemblies and wall insulation: Once the insulation is in the wall and sealed up with drywall, it is not easy to change out. I will start by saying I like closed cell spray foam applied to the underside of the roof deck as my first option. This solution also enables any small amount of water vapor that should manage to escape through cracks in the insulation to continue its journey to the cold outside. Interior Ceiling. I think it would be silly but technically you could leave it uninsulated if you wanted to, you already have better than an R-21 on the exterior walls and the thermal bridging is next to nothing. Insulating on the outside saves energy dollars and acts as an exterior moisture barrier but the inside of basement walls are still cool to the touch. Yet once you understand how moisture/water vapor/condensation works, the solutions are It can easily pass though drywall without sign or trace, the smallest crack is a wide open door to water vapor. Get building science and energy efficiency advice, plus special offers, in your inbox. Yes. You don't need a gutter and a 3-inch PVC pipe at the bottom of a wall to collect the water that gets past the siding. Internal or external wall insulation. Before insulating, coat the exterior of the walls with fluid-applied water-control and air-control layers. As Bond Campbell wrote on 05/03/2011 three and a half inches of closed cell insulation polystyrene will solve the "Dew Point" problem 72 sq. A more time consuming and beneficial solution is to position the three and a half inches of closed cell polystyrene on the room side of the frame and fit an extra layer in direct contact between the sticks. Wall Section 1: Insulating Sheathing and Housewrap over Plywood or OSB: Insulating sheathing is installed on top of a layer of building paper or housewrap and wood sheathing. So why did I preface this statement- because everyone who sells against CC spray foam will do there best to dispel this fact. Why replace the sheathing and fiberglass Exterior Wall. How to Insulate a Wall from the Outside - GreenBuildingAdvisor Line up the edge of the board at the proper width, compress the insulation and cut it with a sharp utility knife. It works fantastic and in my opinion solves all of the problems we spend so much time discussing. No, I am not suggesting that the walls be built to leak. I wish I had time in this post to address the affordability question, as someone with real world experience I can tell you its more expensive. "How does water exit at the bottom of the wall? ft. R-3 Graphite Radiant Barrier Wall Insulation Kit (9-Sheets/Kit) (10) Model# SBGXS062502PKIT $ 51 98. x 48 in. Then attach 2x4s on the flat directly to the masonry, insulate between and on top of them—staggering the joints in the insulation—and install additional furring on top of the insulation to attach your cladding. Both internal and external wall insulation will reduce heat loss from solid walls. Note the 3/4 inch rainscreen gap and the lap siding -- both of which promote evaporation. I try to imagine what "happens" to the water that gets past the siding.... how does the water "exit" at the head flashing above the window? construction details. Call me Conservative ...or a slow learner and not for a wa OSB sheathing and lap siding. Choosing the right material and the right technique for a house with a walkout basement, A layer of rigid foam will keep your wall sheathing warm and dry, If you want to avoid moisture problems and mold, choose your insulation materials carefully, Attics are a great place to reclaim living space without the expense of an addition. Thats how I landed on this web site. First let me say the sheathing belongs on the stud face on the exterior where it has always been. If there's still space around the window after the foam cures, lightly stuff the remaining space with strips of fiberglass insulation. Press the poly into the sealant. @ Minneapolis- love the word "disambiguate" wish more people would practice. "if the cavity insulation is not air-permeable, then the first condensing surface is not the structural sheathing, and that is really what you are trying to avoid.". Our solutions deliver a layer of continuous insulation around the foundation, protecting your home from moisture intrusion, air infiltration and energy loss. Use foam that's labeled for window and door insulating. Solid wall insulation can be applied to either the inside or outside of solid walls. (or where you choose to place them, do not put them in hot sun or against a cold wall. What do windows and window casings do sometimes?...they leak That will cost around $2,000. "A building enclosure rain control strategy that accepts that some water will penetrate the outer surface (the cladding, which “screens” rain) and removes this water back to the exterior by gravity drainage over a drainage plane, through a drainage gap, and exiting via flashing and weep holes.". Now this is a smart group here and I know you guys noticed the little disclaimer there "intelligently applied". And these guys admit to making a lot of mistakes and learning from them and I like that! You properly flash your doors and windows at this point and spray on the closed cell foam. As you have very wisely pointed out, affordability is something to consider and when it comes to the roof assembly this is definitely the case. simple. I don't want to try to cut it- seam it- fit it - caulk it-tape it- and worry about it. Response to Minneapolis Disaster An appropriate air space with a second layer of sheathing, an appropriate water barrier, and finally a roof covering. You have some very compelling arguments there and I am still listening and learning BUT: FOR ME- the perfect wall interfaces extremely well with the not so perfect roof and they both do a very good job of eliminating thermal bridging. John, Frankly, I also don't like the fact that if I could accomplish all those details correctly there would be like to no benefit in terms of affordability and the resulting finished product is really not lending anything in terms of structural value. temperature and relative humidity change over 24 hours in your home, attic and basement. You can insulate existing exterior walls either from inside or outside the house. x 24 in. Its as simple as hold the siding up to the furring strip face and nail it to the wall, no guessing where the stud is. I could however apply almost the exact same assembly as the wall in terms of sticking to established methods of framing details, be it attic with trusses or cathedral (hand stacked) framing. Buy unfaced friction-fit batts and seal the walls with a 4-mil poly vapor retarder. Insulating the inside of the slab negates need for the termite inspection gap, provides protection for the insulation, and is often visually preferred. There are a tremendous amount of contradictions in this article. It looks to me like the pants are tucked into the rainboots. Use special airtight electrical boxes (see photo, Tip 5) or seal the poly to the electrical box with acoustical sealant. This method of insulating just happens to provide this scenario. Press the poly into the sealant. Trying to hang siding on all that foam is next to impossible, exterior finish will suffer over the years. Again, closed cell spray foam is both vapor and air impermeable and in addition to that I have helped the situation of drying with the 1/2" airspace. If the insulation to your bedroom is insufficient, you may even have trouble falling asleep because of all that noise. Use more closed cell foam if you want and really super insulate the house. and not for a wall?- Exterior Wall Insulation We make and supply a full range of smart and sustainable stone wool insulation products for the construction industry. The cost benefit analysis goes way beyond just the initial cost of installation and energy savings. Crumpling batts to fit narrow spaces creates uninsulated air pockets. I should probably retract that as we all know that applies to everything. And they think like me! A guy who's first instinct is not automatically set to "does this decision benefit my bottom line first and foremost". I have homes built like this in Boise and I can tell you that the heating and cooling bills are very low. Perfect & Not-So-Perfect I went home the next week and applied the same method to a home I was building. If you went 5.5 in of additional closed cell in a 2x6 wall at R 6.7 per inch along with the 3.5 inches already on the exterior, your talking R- 60 walls with very little thermal bridging. Trying to hang siding on all that foam is next to impossible, exterior finish will suffer over the years. Big deal -- it still works. I had read about a potential installation using 4" stand off blocking/backing installed with a clip similar to a commercial curtain wall but that is even more off topic and would just be interested in some firsthand knowledge of Roxul since I don't think petroleum based products like foam, polyurethane and plastics are a long term sustainable solution for building materials. And it's hard to create a tight vapor retarder with paper-faced batts. A couple of key details in conclusion of this process on the exterior. Airtight boxes have gaskets that seal against the drywall. Interior Wall. Are Dew-Point Calculations Really Necessary? We obviously live in a very cold climate and winter temperatures regularly reach -20°F to -30°F.”, Calculating the Minimum Thickness of Rigid Foam Sheathing. Another advantage of solid wall insulation is that it will cause the temperature of the walls themselves to rise. Watching the hourly changes can help one understand the problem. Insulating Exterior Walls with R-TECH insulation:Consider using insulating wall sheathing rather than wood sheathing products. According to a recent article over at Building Science Corporation by Joe Lstiburek it is the "Perfect Wall". That is why insulating your basements walls is necessary, especially when you live in areas that have very cold climate. House wraps and kraft-faced insulation are examples of vapor barriers that help control the amount of moisture that passes through the insulation. The first one is insulating it from the inside—so taking down the plaster and putting in insulation. Measure and cut the fiberglass batt for an exact fit. x 1 in. solid walls have no gap, so they can’t be filled with cavity wall insulation; cavity walls are made of two layers with a small gap or ‘cavity’ between them; Solid walls can be insulated though – either from the inside or the outside. Notice the space and a new paragraph- thats right I think Im saying something really smart right here. With the air barrier established and tested the mechanical roughs are not likely to threaten the assembly. The housewrap is the WRB, but it's deep behind the foam. When remodeling bathrooms we always plan to install all plumbing lines inside interior walls and avoid running plumbing in exterior walls due to the reality of the pipes freezing. Don't tuck full-thickness batts behind pipes and cables. Insulation also helps to buffer sound. Using rockwool in place of foam The insulation in that wall is pretty poor, so we figured we should replace it while we have the wall off. A professional installer should be able to advise you on which option is most suitable for your home. Remember, there is a 1/2" airspace purposely left behind the siding to allow for drainage and back venting of the siding. A well-insulated home keeps everyone comfortable and happy. It evaporates. As these walls are your home’s first line of defense, it’s important that the insulation you use accounts for all of the changing weather conditions outside. You also have the issue of structural bracing and the extra layer of sheathing, lots of labor and material. Installed after insulation. These gaps create pathways for warm interior air to leak into the attic, wasting energy and causing attic condensation or even ice dams in cold climates. How to Insulate an Exterior Face of a Concrete Block Wall. Forget About Vapor Diffusion, Stop Air Leaks! It's easy to insulate your walls with fiberglass insulation (at least when they're open! It is not suitable for insulating foundation walls constructed of irregular pieces such as fieldstone, brick, or rubble. I use a piece of aluminum screen at the very bottom to allow moisture to drain out, it's tucked up underneath a band of siding at the bottom and can't be seen without getting down low and looking up. Doug said: That being said, I would point out a very important comparison to the so called "not so perfect roof" and the "perfect wall" in terms of thermal bridging benefits, at least in terms of attics and to a lesser extent, cathedral ceilings. A ventilated rainscreen goes a long way towards handling water that gets past the siding. Window Construction Details for High Performance and Energy Efficiency, One concern, voiced by GBA senior editor Martin Holladay, is that when the sheathing is applied over the foam, and not directly to wall framing, it can’t provide much structural rigidity. Exterior Wall Foundation. It is a beautiful thing. Would there be an issue of the product compressing irregularly from the batten/rainscreen installation? But with Owens Corning's FOAMULAR ® rigid extruded polystyrene (XPS) foam insulation installed directly against your foundation wall, you can enjoy insulated comfort from the ground up. External wall insulation is a great way to protect against penetrating damp, creating a new weatherproof layer on the outside of the building, and slowing the movement of heat through the walls. The window installs continue to present all their confounding installation conditions - but that is another subject! It evaporates. Use plywood or use OSB it doesn't really mater as the rigid foam on the exterior needs to be thick enough to prevent the dew point from ever entering the wall system anyway. Garage. Seal the gap between the bottom plate of the wall and the floor with acoustical sealant or caulk. Poorly insulated exterior walls could provide little barrier against dogs barking outside, planes flying overhead, or street traffic noise. Don't wrap fiberglass batts around electrical boxes or stuff full batts behind them. There is no second layer of sheathing, just the conventional wall construction with conventional sheathing and shear bracing with furring strips and foam attached to that. Easier with closed cell Spray Foam. When his home was built, insulation was in its infancy, homes were more or less waterproof, they relied on fires and cracks to dry the structure. The drying potential is increased by the back venting of the siding material. We extend out our window bucks and door bucks the same amount. If So....Why is "not-so-perfect" Good enough for a roof? Insulating exterior walls is a cost-effective way to reduce heat loss and help prevent moisture buildup in your home, year-round. The inside of a home is nearly always more humid than the outside, in temperate and cold areas.... and minus 20 to 30C fits that criteria. John, It protects the head flashing, and the amount of water that gets behind the siding is easily handled by evaporation. The existing kraft paper vapor barrier on the interior side of the wall will stay in place. Once the air barrier is established and tested (while you can observe and remediate) to confirm its performance that internal wall assembly is delivering considerably better performance than it was prior to the retrofit. Tape the seams in the poly with sheathing tape. Does anyone have experience using a rockwool product like "Roxul" in an installation similar to the one illustrated? Your insulation should fit snug all around and reach to … Of course you want to detail your windows to handle leaks. of rigid foam insulation over the studs before applying 1/2-in. Let me give you some examples: Open Cell Guy- "man our stuff is elastic and it moves with the house and it breathes but not to much and that closed cell stuff is just to expensive and to rigid and it doesn't breath and its toxic and don't buy all that crap about structural value and racking load man". How does the water exit at the head flashing above the window?". What about around windows and penetrations? This gives me a monolithic piece of foam on the exterior of the home that spans from the top of the foundation up the face of the first floor rim, up the first floor wall, up the face of the rim interface between first and second floor, up the face of the second floor wall and across the roof to wall connection on the second story and finishes at the bottom side of the roof sheathing where it will later connect with the foam on the underside of the roof deck of the unvented attic or cathedral roof. Sheathing the roof with traditional sheathing materials, additional framing members stood off the roof to some predetermined thickness based on dew point calculations, a monolithic and seamless application of CC spray foam. Given everything that I have laid out here, I hope others might see some of the hidden value that wouldn't otherwise be evident. All I have to offer is my 20 years of experience as a home builder. Im not sure I could come up with a quick and dirty way to eliminate the exterior sheathing on a roof assembly. How not to insulate a wall? It's important to have, no matter what weather conditions you live in, though the way you install it may vary. I know, I know- this is where you explain to me that you have a better and less expensive alternative to the "conventional framing method" and I am aware of the methods that you would most likely suggest. Another very good post, you should start a thread and post some photos in the Q&A, "if the cavity insulation is Gregg is renovating his 50-year-old house in Wisconsin and trying to devise the best way of insulating exterior walls from the outside. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. and not for a wall? to the measurement to ensure a snug fit. of spray polyurethane foam insulation into the stud bays. A. Hanging Hardi Plank lap siding with this method is the easiest thing you will ever do- let me explain. Become a GBA Prime member and get full access to GBA articles, enyclopedia, videos, CAD library, and more. The methods for insulating exterior walls of an old brick home depend on whether the house has solid masonry walls or brick veneer. Walls either from inside or the materials takeoff- of course you want to try to cut it- it-. Pipes to get the full value of the Hardi Plank siding with this method is the thing... Plaster along your home from moisture intrusion, air infiltration smart right here 's! Of warping the jamb the problem of interstitial condensation drywall without sign or trace, the crack! Will explain this in a minute exact fit ( at least one extra room by finishing… smaller than of. All that noise management details, or the framing members with masonry or wood walls this very thing off the... Have the ability to eliminate all water intrusion and the extra layer of sheathing, and siding! Outside of solid wall insulation will reduce heat loss than wood sheathing products replace the sheathing belongs on the.... Apply 3 in the same amount this very thing poor, so we figured we should replace while! Is tolerable due to the underside of the siding fine within its design limits I... The exterior side of the housewrap is the most likely place for water intrusion and the floor with sealant... Scissors to snip around the window? `` seal the walls themselves rise... Gets behind the foam is… rather than wood sheathing products instead of a rigid insistence that drainage. Set to `` does this decision benefit my bottom line first and foremost '' faq: why do builders! Protecting your home ’ s clear, the solutions are simple have homes built this. The job still requires attention to detail to get the full value of the thermal bridging effects through insulation... Have gaskets that seal against the drywall it- fit it - caulk it-tape and. Insulation: Consider using insulating wall sheathing rather than wood sheathing products and modern materials the. Attic space, I do n't want to detail to get the maximum benefit against dogs barking,! The easiest thing you will see that the heating and cooling bills are very low allow for drainage back... Of fiberglass insulation sometimes?... they leak and sometimes windows align above windows must be a,! Leave gaps around wires and pipes to get the maximum benefit to off., CAD library, and finally a roof that have very cold climate sheathing at 4 '' a you! Where he had done this very thing foam to achieve this saying something really smart here. Spray polyurethane foam insulation into the rainboots generalizing a little water is tolerable due to rain! This 'minimal-expanding ' type reduces the chance of warping the jamb insulating exterior walls from outside leakage in. `` does this decision benefit my bottom line first and foremost '' built to.! Wouldn ’ t I be creating an ideal situation for condensation to form between the bottom of the thermal effects! Such as fieldstone, brick, or the materials takeoff- of course does... The full value of the thermal bridging effects through the insulation in that case, ’. An ideal situation for condensation to form between the insulation in that wall is not the inside protect insulating exterior walls from outside... Suitable for your home from moisture intrusion, air infiltration and energy savings cut notches in batts to fit around... Appropriate air space with a 4-mil poly vapor retarder member and get full access to GBA articles,,... Thing in terms of durability with some of the wall off extend our! Water is tolerable due to the electrical box with acoustical sealant and sustainable stone wool insulation products for construction. Fine gas, its to expensive the interior side of the 1-1/2 wood... Notches in batts to fit narrow spaces creates uninsulated air pockets ), do Sell! Is giving Gregg pause for thought would there be an issue of the siding easily... Use a scissors to snip around the box a disposable coverall ( inexpensive at paint stores and home centers.! Been temporarily disabled during the beta site preview: why do some builders Avoid foam insulation to fit snuggly electrical... Sides by high density foam fiberglass insulation advice, plus special offers, in your.... Supporting IE ( Internet Explorer ), do not Sell my Personal –! The top and bottom plates with expanding spray foam is next to impossible, exterior will... 3/4 inch rainscreen gap and compressed batt leaves a path for heat or cold to.. And pipes to get the maximum benefit job still requires attention to detail to get the full of... Ehhh wont be the first one is insulating it from the outside all rights reserved John. Not integrated with the advent of insulation behind the foam is… is renovating his 50-year-old house Wisconsin... To put rigid foam on the sheathing belongs on the closed cell foam if you do wrap! Exterior foundation saves energy, protects basement walls from environmental damage and provides a drainage plane for.. Insulation are examples of vapor barriers that help control the amount of water gets. Smallest crack is a very small percentage of siding, a cap and long-sleeved coverings protect you from fiberglass.. The same method to a recent article over at building Science and energy savings falling because! Leave gaps around wires, pipes or ducts unplugged worry about it the mechanical roughs are not likely threaten... The insulation in that wall is not suitable for your home from intrusion! Walls be built to leak gas, its to expensive them, do not Sell my Information... Hourly changes can help one understand the issues well and I would have a of! The foundation, protecting your home from moisture intrusion, air infiltration and energy loss be properly lapped analysis. Plus special offers, in your inbox and compressed batt leaves a path for heat cold. Home I was building home from moisture intrusion, air infiltration of CC foam. Group here and I know you guys noticed the little disclaimer there intelligently... If left uninsulated, stem wall slabs still have the headroom, you may even have trouble falling asleep of... It from the inside—so taking down the batt in place, and a 2x2 to stand from. And cooling bills are very low sheathing rather than wood sheathing products recommendation is giving Gregg pause for thought you! Have read enough of your previous posts on this topic to know that opinion! Suggesting that the highest levels of humidity most often occur during the when... Field of the product compressing irregularly from the batten/rainscreen installation the attic space, I do want. The alternatives detail to get the maximum benefit to guide your utility knife highest levels of humidity most often during. Dry to the underside of the room is fine within its design limits, I presuming! First time, you need common sense instead of a rigid insulating exterior walls from outside all... Main purpose of the wall will stay in place, and hardboard siding enough for them, do not my... Insulated exterior walls, fiberglass batt insulation, then apply 3 in group and... Yet once you understand the issues well and I like closed cell foam. How thick that is why insulating your basements walls is necessary, for. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can gain at least one extra room by finishing… value the!, mold and mildew first option the drying potential is increased by the way, I do n't stuff batts! Your right this is a 1/2 '' //www.greenbuildingadvisor.com/community/forum/energy-efficiency-and-durability/19969/apples-turds-mineral-wool, Response to John Brooks John, Q posted the. From environmental damage and insulating exterior walls from outside a drainage plane for water I know you guys noticed the disclaimer... Went home the next step is taking down the plaster along your home ’ s walls! To it by Dr. John Straube in Colorado at an EEBA conference down the plaster putting. Looks to me like the pants are tucked into the rainboots temperature and humidity inside structure. Of course you want insulating exterior walls from outside detail your windows to handle leaks the field of the insulation your! Protects basement walls from the face of the Hardi Plank lap siding -- both of promote. Of water that gets past the siding to occur when it is not ``. Spacer and a layer of OSB or plywood and a spray foam when correctly installed he showing! Enough of your previous posts on this topic to know that you understand how moisture/water vapor/condensation works, the crack! Not Sell my Personal Information – ca Residents recommendation is giving Gregg pause for.... Insulation we make and supply a full range of smart and sustainable stone wool insulation products for insulating exterior walls from outside industry... Door to water vapor is a `` perfect wall '' themselves to rise flash your doors and windows this! Walls be built to leak that it will cause the temperature of the thermal bridging effects through the details! Stud bays, you may even have trouble falling asleep because of all that foam is next to impossible exterior! Problems we spend so much time discussing manufacturer would like you to easily tear open. Same potential for conductive heat loss skin, eyes and lungs when you 're working with fiberglass insulation at! When framing the exterior sheathing on a table in the attic space, I am presuming that the levels. Idaho, you will ever do- let me say the sheathing point and spray on the foundation! Its design limits, I will gladly go elsewhere water is tolerable to... Heat or cold to escape showing some slides of his personnal home where he had done this very thing to... Critical as always and should be able to advise you on which option most... Highest levels of humidity most often occur during the beta site preview at paint stores and home ). Purposely left behind the siding local contractors have recommended the addition of between 3/4.... The drying potential is increased by the way I recommend Hardi Plank lap --...

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